Publication ethics and publication malpractice statement
Duties of editors & editorial board
Editors ofOrthopaedic Journal of China(OJC) are responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal should be reviewed or published.
Editors ofOJC must evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content and their contribution to specific disciplines, without regard to gender, race, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
Integrity of Blind Reviews:
Editors ofOJC should ensure the integrity of the double blind review process. Therefore, editors should not reveal either the identity of authors to the reviewers, or the identity of reviewers to authors.
Editors ofOJC must treat received manuscripts for review as confidential documents. Editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher.
Ethical complaint investigations:
Editors ofOJC should conduct a proper and fair investigation when an ethical complaint (concerning a submitted or published manuscript) is reported. Such process may include contacting the author(s) of the manuscript and the institution, giving due process of the respective complaint. If the complaint has merits, a proper action should be taken (publication correction, retraction, etc.). Besides, every reported action of unethical publishingbehavior should be investigated even if it is discovered years after publication.
Duties of reviewers
Contribution to Editorial Decisions:
Reviewers assist editors in making editorial publication decisions, and also assist authors in improving their submitted manuscripts, through the editorial communications with authors. Therefore, reviewers should always provide explicit and constructive feedback to assist authors in improving their work.
Reviewers who believe that they are not qualified to review a received manuscript should inform the editors promptly and decline the review process.
Confidentiality and disclosure:
Reviewers must consider all received manuscripts for review as confidential documents. Received manuscripts must not be seen by or discussed with others, except as authorized by OJC editors or authorized editorial staff. Information or ideas obtained through blind reviews must be kept confidential and must not be used by reviewers for personal benefits.
Reviewers should conduct their reviews objectively. Criticism of the author’s personality or the topic is unprofessional and inappropriate. Reviewers should explain their recommendations clearly and explicitly and provide rational support and justification.
Proper and Accurate Citation:
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Statements that include observation, derivation, or argument (currently or previously reported) should be accompanied by the relevant and accurate citation.
Duties of authors
The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration. The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)). A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (e.g. “salami-publishing”).
Reported objectives, discussions, data, statistical analysis, and results should be accurate. Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour are unacceptable.
No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
Authors submitting articles with a view to publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of an existing copyright and agree to indemnity the publisher against any breach of such warranty.
Authorship of Manuscripts:
Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results. Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship or in the order of authors arenot acceptedafter acceptance of a manuscript.
OJC is committed tosorting with editors todefine clearly the respective roles of publisher and of editors in order to ensure the autonomy of editorial decisions, without influence form advertisers or other commercial partners.
Intellectual property and copyright
We protect the intellectual property and copyright of OJC, its imprints, authors and publishing partners by promoting and maintaining each article’s’ published version of record. OJC ensures the integrity and transparency of each published article with respect to: conflicts of interest, publication and research funding, publication and research ethics, cases of publication and research misconduct, confidentiality, authorship, article corrections, clarifications and retractions, and timelypublication of content.